Do you know what the Technical Inspection of Buildings is? We will tell you all about the ITE and how it affects the sale of flats.
The sale of apartments is one of the most important economic decisions in life, so it is necessary to have all the information about the property so that in the long term you know that you have made the right decision. In this sense, the Certificate of Technical Building Inspection (ITE) plays a fundamental role.
For that reason, in this article we tell you everything you need to know about it if you are going to sell or buy a house :
- What is the ITE?
- Is it mandatory in all buildings?
- Can a house be sold without ITE?
- How is it used in the sale of real estate?
- How is it made and who makes it?
- Results of the ITE
- What does it analyze?
- How much does it cost and who pays for it?
- What happens if the building does not pass the ITE?
What is the Technical Building Inspection or ITE?
The Technical Building Inspection is an examination that must be carried out periodically in all buildings. During the inspection, different elements of the property are reviewed that affect its safety and the quality of life of the people who inhabit it.
Is it mandatory for all buildings to pass the ITE?
Yes, all properties between 30 and 50 years old (depending on the municipality) must pass the Technical Building Inspection . This includes multi-family buildings, single-family homes, or any other type of construction. Depending on the results of the first ITE, the following should be done every 3, 6 or 10 years .
Can a house be sold without the Technical Building Inspection?
Only if the property is obliged to pass the ITE, it is mandatory that before the notarial signature of the sale contract, the seller delivers to the buyer:
- A copy of the report of the Technical Building Inspection.
- The certificate of aptitude derived from the ITE.
However, there are exceptions:
- If the certificate of aptitude cannot be obtained because the ITE determines that the building has serious or very serious deficiencies that have not been fixed, the home can be sold with a copy of the ITE report. This must be credited with the date of presentation to the administration.
- If there are justified reasons for the seller not being able to obtain any of the documents, the notary will have to attest to this. In that case, the buyer may exempt the seller from delivering the ITE.
In any case, the ITE cannot invalidate a sale , although the notary must attest if the building has the necessary documents, if the certificate of aptitude is provisional or if it needs restoration.
How does the ITE affect the sale of a house?
The first thing that is valued when buying a home is the state it is in, if it has electricity, etc. It is very important as a seller to show the ITE certificate , since:
- The buyer can use this aspect as a weapon in their favor when negotiating the final price to buy the house for less money.
- In addition, except for the exceptions mentioned above, it is a fundamental requirement to present the ITE before the notary if you want to process the public deed of sale .
Without forgetting that the buyer can back down in the purchase decision because:
- An extra charge should be added to the final price of the house to obtain the ITE certificate of aptitude.
- Not having the ITE may mean being sanctioned by the administration in the future.
- Banks can refuse to provide home loans.
How is the Technical Building Inspection or ITE done and who does it?
For a building or any other type of property to pass the Technical Building Inspection, you must follow these steps:
- If you are a private owner, you must request the ITE budget from the authorized technician (architects, surveyors and building engineers). If you are not, it will be the community of owners that must request it.
- The technician will give you the budget and, after your approval, will arrange a date for the visit.
- On the agreed day, the technician will perform the inspection visually . You can also request related documents from the property such as the IEE (Building Evaluation Report) or the CEE ( Energy Efficiency Certificate ), data on reforms and previous reports from the ITE.
- After the exam, the technician will issue a grade that he enters into an electronic platform. Once you have signed the ITE, you will deliver it to the Administration for it to issue the certificate of aptitude .
Results of the Technical Inspection of Buildings or ITE
The results of the ITE are evaluated according to the deficiencies of the building and can be:
- Very serious or serious : a period of 3 years is given to rehabilitate the building and pass the next ITE. The certificate of aptitude is issued as “provisionally suitable”.
- Important : a period of 6 years is given to rehabilitate the building and pass the next ITE. The certificate of aptitude is issued as “provisional fit”.
- Slight or without deficiencies : a period of 10 years is given to carry out the next ITE. The certificate of aptitude is issued as “fit”.
What does the ITE analyze?
During the examination of the property, the authorized technician must review:
- General plumbing and sanitation networks.
- The condition of the structure and foundation
- The interior, exterior and dividing facades.
- The elements of accessibility.
- Cornices, ledges, flights and ornamental elements.
- Roofs and roofs.
How much does ITE cost and who pays for it?
Today there are many options for taking ITE. The cheapest ones are around $ 100 , but it is not recommended to use these low-cost services since they usually offer a less rigorous analysis.
The average price of a Technical Building Inspection is around $ 500 , although the size of the farm and the property and the difficulty of analyzing certain sections of the report can make the process more expensive.
In any case, it is the owner of the property or the community of owners who must pay the ITE to the technician they hire.
What happens if the property does not pass the ITE?
- If the report is unfavorable, you will obtain a certificate of aptitude of “provisional fit” or “precautionary fit”.
- In both cases, an architect must be hired to carry out the rehabilitation works.
- Once everything is settled, you have to pass the ITE again and present it to the official body before the term marked on the certificate (3 or 6 years).
- If one or more neighbors do not want to make the pertinent reforms, the process can be delayed and exceed the established deadlines. In this case, the inspection will end up being carried out by means of a court order.
Failure to meet the stipulated deadlines for said inspection can lead to serious penalties. These depend on the municipal ordinances of each municipality and in some cases can lead to fines of $ 6,000.
Not having the Building Inspection of the property can also generate other consequences, whether you are a home buyer or owner. For example, they can deny you the mortgage or paralyze the sale process.
Help buying a home with ITE
The seller of a house has the obligation to inform the buyer about the situation of the property. However, in many cases this obligation is not met, so the ideal is to have an expert from the real estate sector to help you investigate the status of the property, in addition to other legal procedures.
For example, at Vital Building Inspection, we help you with the entire buying and selling process . In addition, you save thousands of euros in real estate agency commissions, since you will only pay a flat fee of $ 1,345 for the service until you sell. Call us at 0401 012 074 and we will answer any questions you have.